Sykes Picot Agreement 1916
Following the Sazonov Paleologist Agreement, Russia should also benefit from Western Armenia alongside Constantinople and the Turkish Strait, already promised under the 1915 Constantinople Agreement.  Italy was closed to the Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne Convention in 1917 and received South Anatolia.  The Palestinian region, whose territory is smaller than later compulsory Palestine, should be under “international administration.” The French elected Picot as French High Commissioner for the soon-to-be-occupied territory of Syria and Palestine. The British appointed Sykes political chief of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force. On April 3, 1917, Sykes met Lloyd George, Curzon and Hankey to receive his instructions on the matter, namely to keep the French on their side as they pushed towards a British Palestine. First Sykes in early May, then by chance, Picot and Sykes visited the Hejaz together in May to discuss the agreement with Fayçal and Hussein. 166 Hussein was persuaded to accept a formula that the French of Syria would follow the same policy as the British in Baghdad. As Hussein believed that Baghdad would be part of the Arab state, he was finally satisfied with this. Subsequent reports from participants expressed doubts as to the exact nature of the discussions and the degree to which Hussein had actually been informed of the Sykes-Picot conditions.  This year, the discussions of the agreement took place in many countries that linked the events of the First World War to the crisis that has hit the Middle East region today. The thesis on “the collapse of the Sykes-Picot system”, which establishes boundaries that ignored the historical, geographical and demographic realities of the region, has gained momentum. It is often forgotten that the agreements between England and France from 1915 to 1916 did not in fact constitute borders between the future territories/states of Mashriq. This is what happened later at the Paris Peace Conference (January 18, 1919- January 21, 1920), in the Treaty of Sevres of August 10, 192 and at conferences in San Remo (April 19-26, 1920) and Lausanne (sporadically between November 20, 1922 and July 24, 1923).
In addition, part of Mashriq`s Anglo-French management plan was the Balfour Declaration, a letter from British Foreign Minister Arthur Balfour to Lord Rothschild on 2 November, expressing the London agreement on the “creation of a national homeland for the Jewish people” in Palestine, to be forwarded to the Zionist Federation.